Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a medium large breed with powerful features and an impressive appearance. The dog’s coat is black with tan or brown markings, and is dense, straight, coarse and of medium length. The head is broad, round and of medium length. Ears are triangular, pendant, and medium sized, and prick up to change the overall profile of the head when the dog is in an alert state. The expression is proud, alert and self-assured. The body is compact and muscular, with a level back – the dog is generally slightly longer than it is tall. The tail is generally docked short. The Rottweiler’s gait can be described as a trot, projecting confidence, power and balance.

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Fast Facts

Working
8 - 11 years
Germany
Antiquity
85 - 135 lb
80 - 100 lb
24 - 27"
22 - 25"
Rottweilers, Rottvilers, rotviller, Rottweiler $, rotviler, rottweiller, rotweiler, rotwyler
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Rottweiler Temperament

Rottweilers are a proud and noble breed....

Their imposing appearance and protective instincts have made them a prized guard dog for centuries, but properly trained the breed can just as easily be groomed to be a calm and loyal companion. The Rottweiler’s inherent nature is that of a confident and courageous protector, incredibly devoted to its family and reserved or occasionally aggressive toward strangers. Males tend to be quiet and stoic, and may attack a perceived intruder without warning their targets with a growl or bark; females are more prone to barking, especially when protecting their home or young. The dog should be trained from a very young age to be sociable toward people and other dogs; otherwise, the owner runs the risk of having a very large and very dangerous dog. Because it is so important that a Rottweiler be trained properly, owners with limited dog experience or who feel they cannot safely handle a large and powerful breed should not consider the Rottweiler. However, with proper training and care, the Rottweiler can become a loyal, loving and useful member of the family.

Caring For a Rottweiler

As an athletic and fairly energetic breed, the Rottweiler needs daily exercise and attention....

Mixing in an occasional game with the dog’s daily walk is a good idea to let the dog flex its mental muscles as well. It is also of utmost importance to start obedience training as early as possible, and to be consistent and firm in the dog’s training; Rottweilers are a dominant breed and have a tendency to become stubborn and unmanageable if not properly disciplined. The Rottweiler has a preference for cooler climates and may become overheated if not given adequate water and shelter on hot days. The coat is easy to care for, requiring only the occasional brushing. Major health concerns for the breed include canine hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, subaortic stenosis and osteosarcoma. Minor health concerns include gastric torsion, hypothyroidism and allergies.

Rottweiler History

A Brief History of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler traces its origins back to antiquity, probably descending from one of the ancient Roman drover dogs....

Sources from the time indicate that these large, Mastiff-like dogs accompanied the Roman legions on campaigns throughout Europe, driving and herding cattle as well as protecting the camps at night. Around the 1st century AD, the dog was brought to the Roman territory of Arae Flaviae in modern southern Germany, where it flourished for centuries as an indispensable part of the region’s cattle trade. During the 8th century, excavations in southern Germany revealed the existence of Roman baths built when the region was a Roman territory. The town where the baths were found was subsequently renamed das Rote Wil, “the red tile,” for the distinctive red tile roof of the baths. Rottweil, as the town is now known, was central to the development of the Rottweiler and gives the breed its name. Beginning in the 19th century, the outlawing of cattle driving and the popularization of other cart animals (the donkey, for example) caused the Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Butcher Dog of Rottweil) to decline in importance and prominence – by the end of the century, the breed had fallen into relative obscurity and was nearly lost. In response, proponents of the Rottweiler formed a club in 1901 to restore the breed to its once prominent position. Though the club itself was short-lived, it did succeed in creating the first standard for the breed as well as generating renewed interest in the Rottweiler as a work animal. Between 1901 and 1907, Rottweilers found work as police dogs, and numerous other Rottweiler clubs were formed in Germany. Around this time the Rottweiler was brought to the United States and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931. Today, the Rottweiler is one of the most popular breeds in America, both as a watchdog and as a family pet.