Pug

The Pug is a cobby and square proportioned dog with a unique and endearing face. The head is large and round, and the face is covered with distinct wrinkles. Big, globular eyes figure prominently in the face, and give the Pug a soft and beseeching expression. The muzzle is short, blunt and square, and the bite is undershot. Ears are thin, small and velvety. The neck, body and legs are strong and thick, and give the Pug the appearance of being a big dog in a little dog’s body; the tail curves tightly over the hip. The Pug’s coat is short, soft, smooth and glossy; coloring is black, apricot-fawn, or silver, with black mask and traces of black down the back.

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Fast Facts

Toy
13 - 15 years
China
Antiquity
14 - 18 lb
14 - 18 lb
10 - 11"
10 - 11"
Pugg, Puhg or Pugh.
Carlin, Chinese Pug, Mops

Pug Temperament

The Pug is a playful and sociable dog that is often described as “comically confident....

” That is to say that this dog carries itself with a certain dignity, but at the same time is not above clowning around and showing off for its family. Even when the Pug is being stubborn and serious, its funny little face and multum in parvo (a lot in a little space) attitude is likely to bring a smile to its owner’s face. Pugs love to play and get along well with just about anyone, though they may be reserved around strangers at first. A Pug will bark at the slightest sign of trouble, and is an able watch dog.

Caring For a Pug

Pugs should get a good walk on the leash every day, though if the weather is inclement they can be exercised in the house....

Pugs abhor heat, and special care should be taken to ensure that they receive plenty of water and shelter on hot days. The Pug’s coat needs brushing only occasionally, but its wrinkles should be cleaned out and inspected a few times a week to prevent skin infection. Pugs should not live outdoors. Primary health concerns for the Pug include Pug dog encephalitis and canine hip dysplasia. Other conditions of note include KCS, patellar luxation, Legg-Perthes, stenotic nares elongated palate, hemivertebra, entropion and skin infections.

Pug History

A Brief History of the Pug

The Pug originated in China more than three thousand years ago, and believe it or not, the dog counts mastiffs as its principal forebears....

Miniaturized by the emperors of the Shang dynasty, Pugs were employed as imperial lapdogs for many centuries. From there the dogs were introduced to Tibet, and became cherished pets of the Buddhist monks. The Pug was then introduced to Japan, where it was discovered by Europeans during the 16th century. The Pug was an immediate smash in Europe. After a Pug saved the life of Prince William II in 1572 by alerting him to approaching Spaniards at Hermingny, it was named the official dog of the House of Orange, and Pugs attended William’s coronation as King of England. Pugs were also the favored pets of William III, Mary II, Marie Antoinette, Queen Victoria and Josephine, wife of Napoleon. Pugs were even featured prominently in several paintings by Goya. By the 19th century the Pug had replaced the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel as the favorite lap dog of the English aristocracy, and it had also arrived in America, where it was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885. Today, the Pug remains an incredibly popular pet all over the world.Theories about the origin of the name Pug abound. The most popular is that the name comes from the Latin pugnus, meaning fist, since the dog’s head bears some resemblance to a fist. The dog could have also been named for the marmoset “Pug” monkey, which it is said to resemble. A third theory is that the name is derived from the mischievous character Puck, from Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.