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The Pomeranian is a dog that looks like it belongs in the lap of luxury. The dog’s foxy little face and expressive eyes give this little spitz a look of intelligence and slyness. Its ears are small and pointy, resting high on the head. The dog’s body is small and squarely proportioned, and its plumed tail is noticeably curved along its back, giving the dog a rather elegant appearance. The Pomeranian’s coat is said to be its glory, though in fact is more accurate to say the dog has two coats: one is soft, fluffy, and thick while the other is long and coarse. The dog’s coat can be of any color or pattern, though a fox red is probably the most popular color.


Fast Facts

14 - 16 years
Germany and Poland
19th century
3 - 7 lb
3 - 7 lb
8 - 11"
8 - 11"
Pomerianian, Pomaranian, Pomaraynian, Pomarrannian, Pommies
Deutscher Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz

Pomeranian Temperament

The cocky little Pomeranian has an unquenchable love for life, and carries itself with apparent disregard for its size....

While the Pom is unquestionably a Toy breed, there is clear evidence of his larger spitz cousins in this little dog’s demeanor. Ever ready to explore and play, the Pomeranian can keep a child or active adult happily entertained for hours; however, be warned that the dog’s small size makes it an inappropriate playmate for very small children, who might accidentally cause the dog harm. The Pomeranian may be reserved toward other dogs and strangers, and will bark incessantly at an unannounced knock at the door or anything that gives it a start. Properly trained the Pom can be quite the little watchdog, though if left to its own devices, the dog will bark at just about anything. Pomeranians are not known for being the most affectionate of dogs, and may at times seem much more interested in themselves than anyone else in the house. Like in any breed, however, there is a distribution of personalities, and some Poms have been known to show unsurpassed levels of affection and devotion.

Caring For a Pomeranian

Pomeranians do not require very much exercise, and a short daily walk should be enough to keep your dog happy and healthy....

It is very important to brush the coat weekly to keep it free from mats and looking beautiful. The usual ear and nail care is recommended, along with the occasional bath; however, take care not to bathe them too frequently because their skin is sensitive and can damage easily. Pomeranians tend to shed quite a bit; the males only shed once a year while the females shed after birthing a litter, while in heat and when they are stressed. These dogs are known to develop dental problems so it’s a good idea to keep them clean and, ideally, brushed daily. The most serious health problem seen in this breed is patellar luxation. Lesser concerns include progressive retinal atrophy, entropion, hypoglycemia and open fontanel.

Pomeranian History

A Brief History of the Pomeranian

In the simplest sense, the Pomeranian is nothing more than a miniaturized spitz, though the exact details of where and when this shrinking took place are uncertain....

The origins of the spitz family are ancient and far flung, but most historians agree that these dogs were bred down in size in Pomerania – which stretches across modern Germany and Poland along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea – during the 19th century. The first Poms descended from the Deutscher Spitz, and weighed about six times as much as the dogs we see today – typically around 30 pounds. The breed was brought to England around 1850, where it was given the name Pomeranian in honor of its homeland, and recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1870. In 1888, a Pomeranian named Marco was given as a gift to Queen Victoria, and the breed’s association with this influential and beloved monarch did much for its popularity all over the world – in fact, the Pomeranian was recognized by the American Kennel Club in the very same year. In accordance with the wishes of the Queen as well as those of dog fanciers, the Pomeranian continued to be bred down in size, eventually becoming the little powder puff we know today. Today, the Pomeranian’s manageable size and spunky character have made it one of the most popular breeds, measured in terms of AKC registration, in the United States.