Doberman Pinscher

The Doberman Pinscher is a dog of medium large size, powerfully built and capable of great endurance and speed. Its body is compact and muscular, with the head, neck and legs in proportion to the body. The tail is almost always docked short. The head is long and wedge-shaped, starting wide at the ears and tapering to the nose. The eyes are almond shaped and deep set, their color ranging from medium to dark brown. Ears are normally cropped and carried erect. The coat is short, hard and smooth, and ranges in color from black, blue, red or fawn with sharply defined rust-colored marking above each eye, on the throat, chest, muzzle, legs and feet, and below the tail.

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Fast Facts

Working
10 - 11 years
Germany
19th century
55 - 90 lb
65 - 80 lb
26 - 28"
24 - 26"
Doberman Pincher, Doberman Pinscer, or Doberman Pincer.
Doberman, Dobermann

Doberman Pinscher Temperament

The Doberman Pinscher is an energetic, friendly dog....

It is a loyal and affectionate family member who loves to be physically close to members of the home. Some are family dogs, while others will fixate and shower most of their attention on one person. Dobermans can be aloof or aggressive toward strangers and other dogs, though this can be remedied with proper training. Because of its strong association with the image of a guard dog, many think of the Doberman as a vicious brute. This is rather inaccurate, as the dog is actually exceptionally intelligent and quite affectionate. Though it is true that the dog is and has been commonly used to keep humans in check, much of that ferocity is the product of specialized and sometimes cruel training, which could turn any dog mean. The Doberman Pinscher is protective of its family, and the sight of one is sure to keep your average intruder at bay, but deep down this is a loving dog who wants above all else to please its owner.

Caring For a Doberman Pinscher

A highly energetic breed, the Doberman Pinscher needs vigorous exercise every day....

This is a smart and obedient breed that enjoys learning tricks and games, and it is good to integrate such activities with your dog’s daily walk. Since this is a powerful breed with protective instincts, it is imperative that owners begin obedience training and socialization as early as possible – a poorly trained, mistreated or unexercised Doberman can be a dangerous Doberman. The dog has average tolerances for heat and cold, and is capable of living outside in fair weather. However, this devoted family dog is much happier inside with its loved ones. The Doberman Pinscher is an average shedder, and coat care is fairly basic – a weekly brushing should suffice. The most visible hereditary condition in this breed is the albino gene, though this gene is rare. Doberman Pinschers are vulnerable to canine hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma, von Willebrand’s, narcolepsy and progressive retinal atrophy.

Doberman Pinscher History

A Brief History of the Doberman Pinscher

The Doberman Pinscher was developed near the end of the 19th century by Louis Dobermann of Thuringen, Germany....

Dobermann was a tax collector, and he needed a dog capable of intimidating and subduing the people who frequently made tax collection difficult. Dobermann cleverly combined a variety of breeds – including the German Pinscher, Old German Shepherd, Weimaraner, and Black and Tan Manchester Terrier – with the goal of creating a sleek and powerful new breed. By 1900, the Doberman Pinscher had evolved into a dog very similar to what we see today, though future breeding of the dog would continue to eliminate “roundness” and accentuate the breed’s swift lines.The first Doberman Pinschers were brought to the United States in 1908 and recognized by the American Kennel Club the very same year. During the first part of the 20th century, the Doberman was used with great success in Europe and America as a police and war dog. In these areas, the dog’s sharp intelligence, powerful jaws and muscles, and its eagerness to obey won it many followers. During the mid 1970s, an albino Doberman Pinscher was born, whose genes were unfortunately spread through interbreeding. Though many Doberman fanciers are drawn to these “white Dobermans,” the dogs in fact face an increased risk of cancer and other illnesses. For this reason, the Doberman Pinscher Club of America, formed in 1921, has campaigned to prevent these dogs from breeding.