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Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois is a dog of medium size that is fawn to mahogany in color with a black mask and black tipped fur. The Malinois is a short-haired dog and looks similar to the German Shepherd, but there are several differences between the two breeds. They are smaller and lighter than the German Shepherd and do not feature the black saddle that is associated with the German Shepherd. Also, the Belgian Malinois is in general a more energetic and agile breed than the German Shepherd. These beautiful, well-proportioned dogs sport a chiseled and refined head with triangular shaped ears. Eyes are almond in shape, black-rimmed and usually dark brown in color.

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Fast Facts

10 - 12 years
19th century
65 - 68 lb
60 - 65 lb
24 - 26"
22 - 24"
Belgin Malinois, Belgian Malinoi, or Belgen Malinois
Chien de Berger Belge, Malinois

Belgian Malinois Temperament

The Belgian Malinois is highly energetic and born to work....

Their personalities can range from friendly to reserved with people and animals they don't know. These dogs are very protective of their property and owners, but usually not unnecessarily aggressive. The Belgian Malinois thrives in an environment where tasks must be performed, and without anything to do the dog can become bored or even depressed. This dog requires lots of exercise and activity, and responds best to owners who are able to provide firm structure, discipline and positive reinforcement. The Malinois can be great with children, provided it is introduced to them as puppies. Both dog and child should be taught how to safely interact with one another.

Caring For a Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois is a low-maintenance breed as far as grooming is concerned....

They should be brushed every few days to keep the coat healthy, and more frequently during heavy shedding periods. Excessive bathing should be avoided, because it can remove the waterproofing capacity of the coat. The most important aspect in caring for a Belgian Malinois is providing the dog with plenty of exercise and activities. These dogs are happiest when they have something to do, and are filled with energy and enthusiasm. The Belgian Malinois is capable of living outdoors in temperate climates, but it is much happier when it can live inside with access to a yard. Though generaly very healthy, this breed is occasionally known to be afflicted with canine hip and elbow dysplasia.

Belgian Malinois History

A Brief History of the Belgian Malinois

The Belgian Malinois is one of the three varieties of the Belgian Shepherd recognized in the United States; a fourth variety, known as the Laekenois, is not considered a separate breed in the US....

The Malinois' name is derived from Malines, a city in Belgium. The Chien de Berger Belge, or Belgian Sheepherd, was developed during the late 18th century and early 19th century, and was designed to perform all the tasks required of a herding dog and be adaptable to the cold northern European climate. Until 1891, there was no standard for the Belgian Shepherd. In that year, Belgian veterinarian Adolphe Reul brought together over 100 Belgian Shepherds and their owners to establish a breed standard. He found that many of the dogs were very similar in structure, but differed in coat color and type; this group of dogs, which in some countries is divided into four subcategories, was recognized as the Belgian Shepherd. While the Belgian Shepherd was recognized as a breed by the AKC in 1911, it was not until 1959 that the breed was split into three distinct categories in the United States.