Beauceron

The Beauceron is a large French herding dog that is strong, tall and noble. The long, well-chiseled head is proportionate, with the muzzle and skull being equal in length. The eyes are oval shaped and horizontal, dark brown, with an expression of alert confidence. The high set ears can be natural or cropped, depending on the breeder's preference. Natural ears are short and flat, while cropped ears are erect and pointed gently forward. The muzzle is strong and fairly wide with a pure black nose, with no pointedness or snipiness. The well-muscled neck leads to a strong, straight back. The tail is strongest at the base, carried low, with a slight hook that is well centered. The coat is dense and short, a bit longer at the neck area. Coloring can be either black and tan or gray, black and tan.

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Fast Facts

Miscellaneous (Herding)
10 - 12 years
France
16th century
65 - 80 lb
70 - 85 lb
25 - 28"
24 - 27"
Buceron, Beaceron, or Bueceron
Bas-Rouge, Berger de Beauce

Beauceron Temperament

The Beauceron is a faithful, fearless and extremely protective breed, even from the puppyhood....

The breed is extremely intelligent, and is willing and able to learn. Obedience training is essential, as this powerful dog can become domineering if not properly handled. The Beauceron can be good with children if it is raised with them and taught how to be gentle, but his instincts may lead him to initially herd and nip at heels during play. With the right socialization, the Beauceron can be great for homes with kids and even other pets, and can be trained to listen to commands from every member of the family. Take care when introducing your Beauceron to strangers and other dogs, as the breed tends to be wary of newcomers. The Beauceron requires lots of exercise and enjoys having a task to perform.

Caring For a Beauceron

The Beauceron needs a lot of exercise everyday; otherwise it can become bored, destructive and overweight....

A long walk is a minimum, with frequent outdoor play sessions strongly recommended. Other than that, this is an exceedingly low maintenance dog. Simply brush your Beauceron every now and then and bathe only if needed – the Beauceron does not shed much. Keep nails trimmed, ears clean and make sure your dog has all its vaccinations. Health problems are rare, but canine hip dysplasia and gastric torsion are occasionally seen in the breed.

Beauceron History

A Brief History of the Beauceron

Paleontologists believe that the Beauceron is descended from an ancient dog called the Chien de Tourbieres that was used to hunt large game....

Since the 16th century, French farmers and shepherds have employed the Beauceron with great success, and the dog’s handsome looks and noble disposition also won it a devoted following among the aristocracy. In many pieces of French art the Beauceron is shown to be a protector and companion to its royal masters. In 1863, The Beauceron made its first appearance at the French Canine Exposition. In 1897, the first club for herding dogs, or chiens de berger, was formed in France and included the Beauceron and Briard, who were at that time considered the same breed. The breeds were separated in 1911. During both World Wars, the Beauceron was used to carry messages, stand guard and detect bombs. This led to the near extinction of the breed, which was not revitalized until after World War II. There are only about 7,000 Beaucerons in the world today, and most of them are in France. It is estimated that no more than 500 Beaucerons currently reside in the United States. French breeders require the Beauceron to meet a rigid set of qualifications before it can be bred, which has added to the dog's rarity. The American Kennel Club has designated the Beauceron a member of the “Miscellaneous Group,” and the breed will be eligible for AKC registration beginning on March 1, 2007.